Platelet rich plasma has been used in recent years to aid the healing process after injury or surgery. Plasma is a large component of blood, but it also includes red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, which are most known for their blot clotting factor. They also include proteins called growth factors.
Platelet rich plasma has a high concentration of platelets, and therefore a higher concentration of growth factor proteins. These growth factor proteins are instrumental in healing a variety of injuries. Platelet rich plasma can have 5 to 10 times more the amount of platelets than the not concentrated form.
How PRP works
Blood is drawn from the patient and is separated into three main components by a centrifuge. Once the rich platelet rich plasma is separated, it can then be injected into the patient’s wound. For a patient suffering with plantar fasciitis, an injury affecting the muscle on the bottom of the foot, PRP can be injected into the site to help with inflammation, swelling and pain.
The PRP can also be used to help recovery after surgery. For example, if a patient tears their ACL in their knee, they may require surgery after recurrent injuries. To help aid in the recovery of the wound, a special form of PRP can be used on a patient during surgery, stitched into the torn tissue. It is an alternative treatment similar to what Acupuncture Miami offers.
Three uses for PRP:
- Chronic tendon injuries
- Ligament and muscle injuries
- Knee arthritis
PRP and muscle injuries
PRP was first used in the 1990s during maxilo-facial and plastic surgeries. Success has been shown in treatment of pain and injuries due to elbow, wrist, shoulder, knee, hip and ankle tendonosis. Initial studies have shown promise in the treatment of osteoarthritis as well, similar to how a gerovital injection or hydrogen peroxide intravenous therapy is used.
PRP is useful also for the treatment of muscle injuries, strains and pulls. Most of the time, these types of injuries are treated with anti-inflammatories and physical therapy. If surgery is required PRP can be used. Platelets in PRP contain various growth factors which can stimulate muscle healing and regrowth. It can also limit the amount of scar tissue that forms. At this point, however, there are no scientific studies available pointing to the success of this type of treatment.