Stem cell therapy is the transplantation of stem cells to treat medical diseases and conditions. The most common type of stem cell used for stem cell therapy is bone marrow. Stem cells have traditionally been used to treat types of cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma. Today stem cells are being successfully used to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis and chronic tendinitis. Stem cell therapies for orthopedic use have created a safer option for patients, when compared to conventional treatments.
Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell knee injections are a relativity new procure available for those with damaged knee joints, as an alternative to surgery or joint replacement. In this non-surgical procedure stem cells are injected into the area of the knee that is damaged. This type of stem cell therapy has been shown to reduce pain and discomfort. Studies have also shown that stem cells can promote healing of degenerated and injured tendons, ligaments and arthritic joints. Regeneration of cartilage has also been shown to occur in patients. Stem cells used in orthopedic treatments are harvested from the patients own bodies, therefore, there is no risk of rejection. Patients also avoid lengthy surgeries that increase the risk of infection, complications, and require a lengthy rehabilitation.
The treatment process for using stem cells in knee injections is simple:
- Stem cells are harvested from bone marrow in the patients body. Usually taken from the hip area.
- The bone marrow is put through a centrifuge process to concentrate the stem cells.
- The stem cells are injected into the injured or damaged area of the knee.
Knee injections using stem cells are done on an outpatient basis so that the patient can return home the same day. Patients can usually resume normal activities the same day or the next day as determined by their doctor.
Side Effects of Stem Cell Therapy
With Orthopedic use of stem cells in therapies there is less risk to the patient, compared to surgery and knee replacement. Due to the stem cells being harvested from the bone marrow of the patient there is no risk of rejection. Studies have show that here have been no reports of serious adverse side effects from the use of stem cells in orthopedic patients. Minor side effects that have been reported are related to pain and discomfort at the injection site, or the location of the bone marrow extraction, and are treated with minor pain relievers. With little to no risk to the patient, stem cell therapy in orthopedic patients is a safer alternative to surgery.