The first people to use acupuncture were Chinas. Acupuncture was first mentioned hundreds years ago in the documents dating that lead to the Common Era. The sharpened bones and stones dating of 6000 BCE shows a clear indication of acupuncture treatment. The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of International Medicine that dated from 100 BCE is the main document that clearly shows an organized system of treatment and diagnosis of acupuncture. The Emperor represented the whole information in the form of questions where Learned from his minister gives replies. The actual text resemble a compilation of ancients handed down over thousands years. It is presented in Taoist philosophy terms, and in aid of various therapeutic techniques, it is still cited.
DEVELOPMENT OF ACUPUNCTURE
Over subsequent centuries, acupuncture has been steadily developing and codified in various texts. Alongside with stem cells knee treatment, massage, herbs, pemf treatment, diet and moxibustion, acupuncture has become one of the Chinas’ best therapies. As various institutions try to establish influence and exclusiveness, various theories in treatment and diagnosis of acupuncture has emerged with some contradicting. The modern acupuncture got its basis during Ming Dynasty, which took part in 1368-1644 when The Great Compendium of Moxibustion and Acupuncture was first published. In it, there are clear descriptions of 365 ideal points where needle can be inserted to allow smooth flow of energy. It was used in place of vitamin c to treat various cancers because it was cheap until when it was realized that vitamin c IV benefits out-weigh those of acupuncture. Acupuncture was mainly used to treat various health problems, which includes;
- Osteoarthritis pain
- Headaches and migraines
- Lower back pain
- Postoperative nausea and vomiting
- Various cancers and allergies conditions
DECLINE OF ACUPUNCTURE
In 1279 AD as Song dynasty was coming to an end, acupuncture had lost its status and meaning in china. It lost its popularity in the subsequent centuries when it was viewed as less prestigious professions like shamanism, moxibustion, alchemy and midwifery. In addition, in 1700s, traditional superstitious beliefs had lost meaning in china due to development in scientific rationality. A book known as ‘acupuncture a ‘’a lost art’’ was published in 1757 documenting Chinese medicine history. In 1822, a decree to stop Imperial Medical Institute from practicing acupuncture was signed by the Chinese Emperor. He indicated that the practice was unfit for gentlemen-scholars. It was associated with illiterate and lower-class practitioners.