IV Rehydration therapy is used for primarily for moderate to severe cases of dehydration. Since children are more likely to collapse due to dehydration from an illness, the therapy is used primarily for children. It can be difficult to administer especially to a scared child who has difficulty holding still but the benefits have long been found to outweigh the risks, particularly when their dehydration is life-threatening. IV Rehydration is primarily a solution of water mixed with a teaspoon amount of salt or sugar that is administered directly into the vein. Milder cases of dehydration can be easily solved by drinking something like a sports drink that contains a lot of electrolytes.
Rehydration Therapy in Adults
In the rare cases in which an adult might require rehydration therapy, it’s usually administered during complications in relation to severe diarrhea, vomiting, heat stroke, accident, surgery or a metabolic disorder. Rehydration therapy may be administered anywhere between numerous hours to numerous days if the patient is unable to keep any fluids or anything down the oral way. Those who are addicted to laxatives, for example, often eventually acquire a digestive illness called colitis. Because colitis gradually erodes away the digestive ability, it can be fatal if not treated at some point.
Some other IV therapies to which rehydration therapy can be compared to include:
- The Myers’ Cocktail. This is currently still in its infancy and is named after the late Baltimore physician, John Myers. It contains an array of vitamins and minerals from Vitamin C to Magnesium. It is also used for challenging digestive health but has also been found to be effective for a broad range of other complications such as Fibromyalgia and respiratory tract infections. The Myers Cocktail side effects, however, can range from nausea to the blood pressure being too low.
- Platlet rich plasma therapy (a.k.a. PRP therapy). This one plays on the body’s natural defenses by taking out small doses of the patient’s own blood, running it through a centrifuge for about 15 minutes and then re-administering it to a damaged tissue.
- Chelation therapy, or IV Chelation. This is used to remove poisoning from heavy metal such as lead and mercury. The primary agent in the Chelation IV is EDTA (ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid), which binds the metals together so that they can then be flushed out in the urine.
Rehydration IV therapy is arguably one of the easiest to administer since it’s mostly water with a pinch of salt or sugar. What can make it difficult is that since it’s administered primarily to children, children often have difficulty holding still, especially when frightened. Children also tend not to think about things such as their health very much and as a result, usually don’t monitor things like their hydration very well unless supervised by an adult. Especially those who have certain illnesses have a tendency to dehydrate very easily and if not closely monitored, they often end up needing rehydration IV treatments.