A lot has been written about the platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and its possible efficacy in treating injuries. The PRP is used for a variety of injuries such as chronic tendon injuries and sprained knees among others.
A greater percent of blood is made up of a liquid known as plasma, but it also comprises of minute solid elements such as white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. The platelets are well known for their function in clotting blood and also contain plenty of proteins known as growth factors that are vital in healing of injuries.
PRP is plasma concentrated with platelets beyond the average count found in the blood. The concentration of growth factors in the platelets can be up to 5- 10 times richer than the usual amount.
Preparation for a PRP
Amidst a plasma PRP therapy preparation, blood is first extracted from a patient. It follows a process known as centrifugation where:
- platelets are separated from other blood cell
- their amount increased
- the outcome of platelets is merged with the separated blood cells
- the concentrated platelets are administered directly to the injury site
This offers a dominant combination of growth factors that effectively embellish the healing process.
The procedure lasts for an estimated one to two hours inclusive of preparation and recovery time. PRP that is safely carried out in a medical office alleviates pain without the need for hospital stays, risks of surgery, prolonged recovery or general anesthesia. Patients can return to their normal routines immediately after the procedure.
Pros and cons of the PRP
PRP is a safe, reliable and a natural way to cure injuries in order to relieve acute pain. The PRP provides a more rapid and efficient restoration of the damaged tissue.
The regeneration medicine is formulated to enhance long-term healing of the injured tissue. While most patients need only one PRP injection, the regeneration of collagen may last for six months followed by numerous injections. Pain and recovery are gauged 2 to 3 weeks after the procedure to check for future therapy requirements. The number of treatment is determined by certain factors such as the injury site, age and the intensity of pain experienced prior to the therapy.
Swelling and stiffness or mild might be experienced leading to modest discomfort for a few hours after PRP injections. The pain is usual and is an indication that the treatment is being effective. As the affected area heals and strengthens, less pain is experienced.