Intravenous (IV) rehydration is used as a treatment to rehydrate patients who have become dehydrated. While it is rare in adults, there are times when adult patients need rehydration therapy. It is more a frequently needed treatment for children who become dehydrated as a result of an illness. The iv treatment requires that a patient sit still while they are being rehydrated. The process of rehydration is to inject fluids into the veins. The rehydration treatment is not problematic for adults, but for children, it can be difficult for the child to sit still during the treatment.
Risks Associated with IV Therapy
- A small risk of iv rehydration for patient is inflation at the site of the needle. The inflation is easily treated. If the inflammation is not reduce, then further treatment for infection is necessary.
- There is a possibility that the fluid mix will be incorrect. It is important that the mix of fluids contain a precisely accurate mixture of electrolytes. It is required that the mixture be monitored so that there is not an imbalance or deficiency. Any deficiency must be corrected.
- Another problem is that the needed may become dislodged at the area of insertion. A dislodged needle can cause a medical disorder called infiltration. When the needle is dislodged, the fluid enters the tissues around the vein rather than entering the vein. This can cause bruising as well as a stinging feeling. The solution is to reinsert the needle and then apply a warm compress. The warm compress will reduce the swelling. If the patient is able to stay still, it is unlikely that the needle will become dislodged. It is easier for adults to remain still during the iv treatment, than for children.
Children are likely to move, and children moving can and does cause the needle to dislodge. There is a serious situation when the needle is required to remain in the body for a long period of time. The serious problem is that a vein can collapse. The treatment is to remove the needle and reinsert the needed in another area of the human body.
The Process of Intravenous Rehydration
A medical professional evaluates the patient’s condition and prescribes a fluid solution. Once the solution is prepared, it is hung on a medical device next to and above the patient. A medical professional will sterilize the area around the injection. Then the patient is inject with the solution. The medical professional may need to make an adjustment in the solution based on the patient’s response to the treatment. If there is a problem in the injection areas and there is swelling, then the medical professional will have to remove the needle, clean the injection site and re-inject the patient.