Every year thousands of people go to the emergency room for issues related to dehydration. This condition usually happens when people do not take in enough fluids into their body or when they lose a lot of fluids. The most common cause of dehydration results from diarrhea. It can also take place when it is extremely hot outside or when people have been exerting their bodies without drinking water. Once a person becomes dehydrated they usually have to go to the emergency room for hydration therapy. Medical professionals normally use this procedure to put fluids back into a patient’s body. This process is carried out by drinking water or by using an IV to replenish fluids. In the latter case, an IV is often used for this purpose.
IV Based Hydration Processes
When a person is severely dehydrated or is not able to adequately place fluids into their body on their own, they are usually given an IV. The IV is set up with three basic elements that is needed to restore liquid into a person’s body.
- Water – This substance is the most important element of all since all people need it to carryout cell functions.
- Salt – This substance is used to balance electrolytes that have been lost. In simple terms salt helps fluid to stay within the body.
- Sugar – This substance helps to energize a person’s body and to revitalize their stem cells.
Sometimes nurses or doctors will add other ingredients such as vitamins or minerals to help give a person a boost with the recovery process. While IV solutions are not directly consumed (or tasted) through the mouth, medical professionals sometimes add flavoring to the solutions to make them more appealing to patients.
Other Points about IV Hydration
Most IV based hydration processes are performed on children, older people and individuals who are not able to intake fluids on their own. IV therapy can take place within a day or even weeks depending on the condition of a patient and their particular situation. Keep in mind that the body will naturally reject fluid when it has been without it for a very long period of time. For this reason, water or IV solutions have to be taken in slowly and intermittently so that a person does not damage their system. Once this happens the human body will slowly start to accept the the fluid. Rehydration therapy can also be used to help ease situations involving severe alcoholic intoxication and to help people recover from illnesses.